15 Natural Ways To Take Care Of And Treat Your Scalp Perfectly

Last updated on : February 08 2023

Girl bathing her scalp in fruity water

Article Summary

Your scalp is sensitive and fragile. It needs just as much attention and care as you give your hair. 

If you experience constant itching, soreness, bumps, and lumps, you may want to seek medical attention because these symptoms could indicate underlying health conditions. 

However, you can also experience the same symptoms if you neglect to nurture your scalp. So follow the steps below to ensure you're taking good care of your scalp.

Section 1 - Nurturing Your Scalp

1. Wash Regularly

2. Apply Protective Oil

3. Avoid Chemicals

4. Style Your Hair Loosely

5. Hydrate Your Scalp (How To Treat A Dry Scalp)

6. Massage Your Scalp

7. Avoid Scraping

8. Avoid Scratching

9. Use Scalp-Friendly Extension

10. Let Your Scalp Breathe

11. Exfoliate Your Scalp

12. Protect Your Scalp from The Sun

13. Choose the Right Brush

14. Avoid Excessive Combing

15. Take Your Time Styling Your Hair

Section 2 - Dealing With Common Scalp Problems

Several common scalp problems can cause itching, flaking, hair loss, and other unpleasant symptoms. From dandruff to fungal infections, each condition requires a different approach to treatment.

This section examines the most common scalp problems, their causes, and the various treatments available, both over-the-counter and natural remedies. 

Common Scalp Problems And Solutions

Frequently Asked Questions

1. Wash Regularly

Thoroughly washing your scalp when you wash your hair is one way of ensuring scalp health. 

Although you should wash thoroughly, you must take care to be gentle.

Roughly massaging your scalp to take out the dirt will only damage your scalp as it is a sensitive part of your body. You may even experience cuts and scrapes if you aren't gentle. 

If your scalp experiences conditions like rash or eczema, you need to invest in tailor-made shampoo for such situations. Using any shampoo may only serve to cause more harm. 

You can click here to find out more about the different types of shampoos that work well on sensitive scalps. 

2. Apply Protective Oil

You can apply hair and scalp oils that have healing and protective properties. For example, CBD oil contains anti-inflammatory properties meaning it may contribute to scalp health. 

CBD oil may tackle scalp rash and tenderness if you apply a few drops onto your scalp. You then have to gently massage the oil into the scalp for the best possible results. 

There is no current official dosage recommendation for CBD oil. You may have to consult your doctor regarding dosage and frequency, particularly if you experience conditions such as scalp rash and pimples. 

3. Avoid Chemicals 

Your scalp may react to chemicals such as hair relaxants and dyes.

Although chemical-based hairstyles may be aesthetically appealing, the long-term results of chemicals on your scalp can be troublesome. 

Your scalp can get burnt during the process of chemical application, causing flakes and skin peeling off, as well as hair loss. 

Try to find natural-based products for styling.

4. Style Your Hair Loosely

Tightly tied or plaited hairstyles cause harm to your scalp. The tugging and pulling of the hair mean adding pressure on the scalp. 

Not only do tightly tied hairstyles feel uncomfortable, but they can also cause pimples and, in severe cases, blisters on your scalp. 

Make sure to use loose tying aids and style your hair in a way that your scalp is still able to breathe. 

5. Hydrate Your Scalp (How To Treat A Dry Scalp)

Depending on climate and weather, your scalp can get extremely dry. 

It is essential to make sure that your scalp remains hydrated during the day. You can pour some water into a spray bottle and spray your scalp during the day when you feel your scalp is dry. 

If you've styled your hair and cannot part it, you can spray your hair instead. The moisture retained in the hair will positively affect your scalp.

Wrapping your hair in a silk scarf when you go to bed is another way of hydrating your scalp. The moisture you applied during the day won't rub off on your pillow and will be retained. 

If you don't prefer to wrap your hair, you can invest in silk pillow covers because these won't soak in moisture as you sleep. 

6. Massage Your Scalp 

Giving your scalp regular deep massages can help with stimulating and regulating blood flow. When blood efficiently flows, your scalp becomes rejuvenated and rested. 

You can massage your scalp on your own or request a scalp massage with your hairdresser when you get styled. You can also fit in a massage whenever you wash or oil your hair. 

7. Avoid Scraping 

Scraping usually happens when you try to remove dandruff using a comb.

Scraping your scalp may remove dandruff – however, it leaves comb marks on your scalp and can cause redness as well as swelling. 

Dandruff can be removed by a deep wash and by using shampoos that are tailor-made for this. You can also wet a cotton swab and gently rub it on your scalp to remove stubborn dandruff left after washing and conditioning. 

8. Avoid Scratching 

Some hairstyles can cause your scalp to itch, mainly if it is a hot day. Sweat gets trapped in the hair and causes itching on your scalp. 

The natural reflex is to use your nails or a pointy object to give a relieving scratch. However, your nails and objects are harmful to your scalp. 

You can use your palm to rub the itchy parts, and if the itching is excessive, you may have to undo the hair-do. 

Once you figure out the specific styles that cause regular itching, it is best not to wear those again. 

9. Use Scalp-Friendly Extensions 

If your hairstyle includes hair extensions, you need to choose friendly ones on your scalp. 

There are different types of extensions, such as synthetic, plant-bases, and human hair. People respond to various extensions types differently. 

If you feel constant itching or general discomfort after braiding or sewn-in extensions, you will know that the particular type doesn't go well with your scalp. 

Also, avoid extensions that include applying glue on your scalp. Although hair glue is deemed friendly and dissolvable, it is still a substance that will be on your scalp for some time. 

Some of the glue might not wholly dissolve, meaning you may have to pull the remaining dried glue particles off, damaging your scalp. 

10. Let Your Scalp Breathe 

Frequently changing hairstyles without letting your hair down for a period can stifle your scalp. 

Your scalp needs time to breathe without carrying a hairstyle that involves pulling and tugging or constant brushing, for instance. 

If you regularly wear a wig or extensions, your scalp also needs time to breathe. Find time to have your hair out so that your scalp can enjoy some breathing time. 

11. Exfoliate Your Scalp 

Exfoliating your scalp helps to remove any dead follicles, skin, or hair particles. You can find natural-based exfoliating conditioners or wear an exfoliating cap. 

You can also schedule an exfoliating session with your hairdresser and enjoy having your scalp rejuvenated. 

12. Protect Your Scalp from The Sun

Direct sun on your scalp can cause scalp burn and excessive sweating.

Your scalp can then react to the heat and sweat by forming pimples, rash, or developing eczema. 

You can protect your scalp by wearing a hat, being in the shade, or carrying your umbrella in direct sunlight. 

13. Choose the Right Brush

Brushes with thick and tough bristles can brush your hair finely and detangle any knots. Some of these brushes, however, may be too harsh on the scalp. 

The process of brushing may leave your scalp vulnerable from the tugging of many hair strands at once. 

You can try out different brushes to figure out the types that brush your hair efficiently while being gentle on the scalp. 

14. Avoid Excessive Combing

Frequent combing of hair can lead to pulled hair strands from your scalp. This pulling can leave your scalp swollen and tender. 

Try to comb your hair as and when you need to, and not out of boredom. When you do decide to comb your hair, remember to be gentle. 

15. Take Your Time Styling Your Hair

Style your hair only when you have the time, so you treat hair and scalp gently. Rushed styling can lead to rough brushing, combing, and general tugging. 

If you don't have time to style your hair, you can find creative ways to get by until you can gently and mindfully handle your scalp and hair. You can tie your hair in a bun, wear a cap or headscarf. 

The same applies to when you are undoing a style. For example, if you are taking down extensions, make sure not to hurriedly pull these out using a comb as you will damage your scalp. 

Use your fingers to undo the extensions and gently massage your scalp when you finished.

Woman with loose hair

Common Scalp Problems And Possible Solutions

Here are some common scalp problems and possible solutions:

1. Dandruff

Dandruff is characterized by white or yellowish flaky skin that sheds from the scalp.

Over-the-counter anti-dandruff shampoos containing salicylic acid, selenium sulfide, or pyrithione zinc can help treat dandruff.

You can treat dandruff naturally by using tea tree oil, lemon juice, or apple cider vinegar as a rinse. You can also use anti-dandruff shampoos that contain natural ingredients like tea tree oil or salicylic acid.

2. Dry Scalp

Dry scalp is a condition characterized by itching, redness, and flaking of the skin on the scalp.

Moisturizing shampoos and hair oils can help relieve dryness and itching. Avoid using hot tools like blow dryers and flat irons that can exacerbate dryness.

You can treat a dry scalp naturally with remedies such as coconut oil, aloe vera gel, avocado, honey, and olive oil, which hydrate and moisturize the scalp. These remedies can be applied directly to the scalp and left on for 30 minutes before washing out. 

3. Psoriasis

Psoriasis is a skin condition that causes patches of red, scaly, and itchy skin on the scalp.

Over-the-counter or prescription topical creams and ointments can help reduce symptoms of psoriasis. Light therapy or phototherapy may also work for you. 

For natural remedies try a mixture of natural ingredients such as aloe vera, turmeric, or neem oil.

4. Seborrheic dermatitis

Seborrheic dermatitis is a condition that causes an itchy, red, scaly rash on the scalp and other body areas.

Anti-fungal shampoos containing ingredients like ketoconazole or selenium sulfide can help treat seborrheic dermatitis. Over-the-counter hydrocortisone creams may also provide relief.

You can treat seborrheic dermatitis naturally with remedies such as tea tree oil, salicylic acid, aloe vera, and probiotics (like yogurt). These remedies can be applied directly to the scalp and left on for a specified time before washing out.

5. Fungal infections

Fungal infections, such as ringworm, can cause itching, redness, and scaling on the scalp.

Treatment specialists may prescribe anti-fungal shampoos, creams or oral medications to treat fungal infections.

You can treat scalp fungal infections naturally with remedies such as tea tree oil, garlic, apple cider vinegar, oregano oil, and yogurt. These remedies have anti-fungal properties and can be applied directly to the scalp, left on for a specified amount of time, and then washed out.

6. Alopecia 

Alopecia is an autoimmune disorder that causes hair loss on the scalp and other body areas.

There is no cure for alopecia, but treatment options such as corticosteroid injections, topical minoxidil, or immunotherapy may help slow or stop hair loss.

You can treat alopecia naturally with remedies such as scalp massage, essential oils, diet and nutrition, and stress management.

Scalp massage increases blood flow to the scalp, and essential oils such as rosemary and lavender have been shown to improve hair growth. A balanced diet rich in vitamins and minerals and stress management techniques like meditation and exercise can also help improve symptoms of alopecia.

7. Telogen effluvium

Telogen effluvium is a type of hair loss caused by a disturbance in the hair growth cycle, leading to the shedding of hair from the scalp.

Identifying and treating the underlying cause of telogen effluvium, such as stress or hormonal changes, is crucial in managing the condition. In some cases, hair growth may return to normal on its own.

You can treat telogen effluvium naturally with a balanced diet, stress management, and avoiding harsh hair treatments.

Eating a balanced diet rich in vitamins and minerals, practicing stress management techniques such as meditation and exercise, and avoiding harsh hair treatments like chemical relaxers and excessive heat styling can help improve symptoms of telogen effluvium.

Consult a doctor

However, it's important to note that the remedies listed above may not work for everyone. A dermatologist or trichologist should be consulted for an accurate diagnosis and personalized treatment plan if symptoms persist or worsen.

How to apply natural remedies

Natural remedies for scalp problems can be applied directly to the scalp and left on for a specified amount before washing out.

For example, remedies such as coconut oil, aloe vera gel, avocado, honey, and olive oil can be applied directly to the scalp and left on for 30 minutes before washing.

Essential oils like tea tree oil, rosemary, and lavender can be mixed with a carrier oil (like sweet almond oil) and massaged into the scalp.

Remedies like aloe vera, turmeric, neem oil, and a mixture of natural ingredients can be applied directly to the scalp and left on until your next wash. Other remedies like garlic, apple cider vinegar, oregano oil, and yogurt can also be applied directly to the scalp, left on for a specified time (usually 30 mins), and washed out.


Woman happily feeling her healthy scalp

In conclusion, taking care of your scalp is just as important as taking care of the rest of your hair. You can try the above natural methods to help maintain a healthy scalp, including using essential oils, practising good hygiene, avoiding harsh chemicals, and eating a balanced diet.

By implementing these simple tips and treatments, you can improve your scalp's overall health and appearance, leading to stronger, healthier, and more vibrant hair.

Frequently Asked Questions

These are the questions most frequently asked by our readers. 

How To Treat Scalp Fungus (Yeast Infections)

You can treat most scalp yeast infections with topical over-the-counter (OTC) treatments. These come in the form of ointments, shampoos, or foams.

Research shows that several topical antifungals have an 80 to 100% success rate in treating fungal infections like candida. 

Alternatively, you can try natural home remedies as alternatives. Apple cider vinegar mixed with equal parts of water, coconut oil, and essential oils like tea tree, lavender, or lemongrass are all excellent natural treatments to try. 

How To Treat Itchy Scalp With Home Remedies

Scalp pruritus, known as itchy scalp, is a common condition. There's a wide range of causes from dandruff to an inflammatory skin condition called seborrheic dermatitis. 

At home, treat itchy scalp by following the techniques we outline in the article's body above. Additionally, you can try topically applying essential oils like tea tree, peppermint, lavender, lemongrass. Apple cider vinegar and coconut oil also relieve symptoms naturally. 

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